Indigenous communities in Tanzania still experience acute poverty and TEST believes it is essential that indigenous communities are facilitated to access fundamental social services (education, health, water) and relevant livelihoods options. TEST will, in collaboration with its partners, assist indigenous communities develop enterprise-based solutions to address poverty and increase access to fundamental social services such as education, health and water.


Traditionally indigenous peoples have their own ways of land governance and use for all seasons and for all uses. This cultural practice allowed the lands to recover between seasons. But the pastoralists in Tanzania can hardly do this. Population growth, land misappropriation for other uses and climate change have reduced the extent of their pasturelands and led to a deterioration in quality too. As a result, nowadays their cattle often die in the dry season or in droughts from lack of grass and lack of water. This is devastating. Change is needed. TEST is working with the pastoralists in Tanzania to restore indigenous land use practices and coping mechanisms to address the effects of climate and cultural change. TEST helps pastoral communities restore and adapt traditional land use practices and coping mechanisms to address the effects of current pressures including climate change.



The future of wildlife in Tanzania depends on quality and size of their habitat. To restore the quality and size of their habitats, it is necessary to enlist support of indigenous communities whose indigenous traditional knowledge systems and their territories are vital in wildlife conservation and enhance meaningful collaboration of indigenous communities and government agencies. TEST is committed to facilitating indigenous communities obtain formal recognition of their indigenous community conserved areas (ICCAs) for wildlife in the natural ecosystems in Tanzania.